Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica
Editio Tertia Aucta et Emendata
Newton, Isaac; Henry Pemberton.
London: William & John Innys, 1726
London: William & John Innys, 1726. Third edition. Very Good/The third and last edition of Newton’s “Principia” published during his lifetime. In this work, Newton published his formulations on the three laws of motion and the principal of universal gravitation. “The Principia provided the great synthesis of the cosmos.
The same laws of gravitation and motion rule everywhere; for the first time a single mathematical law could explain the motion of objects on earth as well as the phenomena of the heavens. The whole cosmos is composed of inter-connecting parts influencing each other according to these laws. It was this grand conception that produced a general revolution in human thought” (Printing and the Mind of Man).
This third edition includes a new preface by Newton mentioning Halley’s comet as well as many alterations and augmentations to the text, the most important, according to the compilers of the Babson catalogue, being the scholium on fluxions, in which Leibnitz had been mentioned by name in the two prior editions in association with the discovery of the calculus, but was significantly omitted in this edition. This copy has the portrait intact, often missing from surviving copies.
4to (25 cm); , 530,  pages, including the initial privilege leaf and half-title. Title printed in red and black (a distinct feature compared to earlier editions). Engraved frontispiece portrait of Newton by George Vertue after Vanderbank; text diagrams throughout. Engraved diagram on p.506, and final leaf of publisher’s advertisements present. In contemporary calf over sturdy boards, somewhat worn, rebacked, corners built up. Upper joint scuffed. Contemporary ownership inscription of Cambridge mathematician William Ransom. References: Bowes and Bowes, #9; Babson, 13 (“the basis of all subsequent editions”); PMM 61 (1686 ed; “the greatest work in the history of science”). (Inventory #: 6326)